Archive for the ‘cooking’ Category

Les stroud survival tactics

December 6, 2016

01* In cold or freezing conditions, the worst thing you can do is let yourself get sweaty. He constantly mentions that if you get sweaty, you should let the sweat dry (he mentions this tip in almost every episode).

02* Use a lens from a camcorder to start a fire (as if it is a Magnifying Glass)
03* Always carry a good multitool (eg. Leatherman Wave or Swiss Army Explorer Plus).
04* Break wood between two trees to keep from hurting yourself.
05* Cut water-vine in swamps and jungles and place a cup at the opening to collect water.
06* Wipe mud over your skin to protect against mosquitoes.
07* If you catch lean food eat as much of the animal as possible, except the entrails. Certain wild animals have extremely low levels of body fat, which may lead to death by rabbit starvation.
08* To start a fire with a lighter that has no fluid, use a piece of tissue formed into a cone at one end with a ball of sock lint stuffed into the cone to catch the spark that comes off the lighter. This only works if the socks are manufactured from 100% cotton. He refers to this as a prison match (and tells viewers not to ask him why he knows how to make it).
09* Use a snowmobile seat cover to melt snow in the sunlight.
10* Don’t play the harmonica when polar bears are possibly around because they are attracted to strange noises.
11* Use corn chips to hold a flame in a manner similar to a candle wick.
12* Boil water by placing heated rocks in it. This is done when a water container cannot be held directly over a fire.
13* Heat rocks over fire and place them around the body as heating packs while sleeping or resting.
14* Use an emptied coconut shell filled with coconut fibers to carry a smoldering coal. This prevents the need to light another fire from scratch.
15* Use cow dung to keep a fire smoldering while away. This prevents the need to light another fire from scratch.
16* Use the elastic strap from a pair of boxers as a slingshot to fire a fishing spear.
17* Soak the foam cushion of a broken snowmobile in gasoline to use as fire fuel in the Canadian Arctic.
18* Determine the time until sunset by measuring the distance between the sun and horizon, wherein each width of your hand equals one hour.
19* Use moss from the north side of a tree to gain bearings without a compass (though he added that this method, though accurate in his case, is often unreliable).
20* When opening a conch shell, crack the point on the back and scrape out the meat inside.
21* To get fresh water on an island build a solar still by finding a box (or something similar) and put seawater and plants inside, along with a smaller container in the direct center, and cover it tightly with a plastic sheet. Then put a rock in the center of the plastic. The plants will sweat fresh water which will evaporate, condense onto the plastic and drip into the container.
22* Too much coconut milk causes diarrhea.
23* The Five “W’s” of Survival: o Weather: Temperature of the area, know what kind of shelter you need. o Wood: How much wood is around for both fire and shelter. o Wigglies: spiders, scorpions, snakes, anything that can bite you or poison you. o Widowmakers: rocks, trees, large animals, anything that can fall on you or attack you. o Water: Where will you get water, how will you obtain it.
24* Use a potato peeler on thin branches to create very curly wood shavings. These are great for getting very small flames turned into big ones.
25* Always check your boots for “Wigglies.”
26* Use large rock pieces and twigs to setup trap for small animals by placing an edible bait to the supporting twig (Les caught a squirrel in the Utah canyonlands once, he cooked it over fire for a long time to burn off parasites before eating)
27* Set up a trap in the swamp or river bank by sticking wood sticks in a pattern that looks like a square with the top side slightly open in a v-shape , place a bait inside to wait for a turtle or other animals.
28* To create smoke signal, burn damp wood chips over fire.                                                                                               29* Before sleep pee so your body isn’t trying to keep the water inside you warm.
30* Eat Something before you sleep helps insides get warmer.

Wet wood lighting

November 25, 2016

How do you light wet wood?

Use a sharp knife/hatchet to strip away as much bark and wet wood as possible. If you can use a hatchet to split larger pieces of wood into kindling, this will expose the drier inner layers. Start a small fire using the stripped kindling. Use the small fire to heat and dry the larger pieces.

Flint identification in the outdoors.

November 25, 2016

How to Identify Flint
Flint, also known as chert, is a type of sedimentary rock that has many uses. It was once commonly used to form rudimentary tools like knives and spear tips. Flint is often used by outdoorsmen to create sparks for a fire when it is struck against hardened steel. Knowing how to find a piece of flint can come in handy when you’re in the wild. Whether you’re looking for artifacts or a way to start a fire, identifying flint isn’t as hard as you think. But it only occurs where there was an ocean at one time. Chalk deposits are a dead giveaway to the existence of flint. You won’t find flint in the North East U.S. But it is very common in the South East and Mid West. Quartz is a metamorphic rock and can be used like flint to start fires. Agate in the Mid West can also be used like flint.

Choose an area nearby to search. It might seem like flint is difficult to find, but you generally just need to know where to look. In some areas, like the Ozarks of Missouri, you can find chert lying all over the ground. That is because flint and chert are hard, durable rocks that are so resistant to weathering they remain intact long after the surrounding rocks have weathered away into the soil.[1]

You can search along the freshwater shores or riverbeds.[2] Flint is very durable and resistant to chemicals, so it often collects in the remaining soils as surrounding carbonate rocks erode.[3] While rocks like limestone erode and fine soil is carried downstream, small pebble deposits of flint and chert collect along the shores.

Try other locations where there is a large variety of rocks present, such as a construction site or along a gravel road. Many times rocks are harvested from riverbeds for construction from all over so you might be surprised to find chert or flint pebbles just down the block.[4]

Image titled Identify Flint Step 2
2

Learn the history of your area. If you live near an area that was once populated by tribes of Native Americans, you might have a good chance of locating flint fragments around that area.

Flint was an ideal choice for creating tools and weapons. Flint can be made to form a blade that is actually sharper than steel, with a tip that is just the width of a few molecules.[5] If you find an arrowhead or sharp rock near a old tribal ground, you found some flint.
3

Look for flint nodules in larger rocks. Flint often forms as nodules inside pieces of chalk or limestone.[6] So in addition to looking for pieces of flint, look for larger rocks that may contain several pieces of flint. Bust them open and see what you find.

Look for discolorations on a piece of limestone. Usually flint or chert nodules will be a slightly darker shade than the surrounding limestone.[7] You can break these pieces out with the use of some tools and collect the flint.

Grab an iron hammer and bust open some smaller rocks. If you notice some sparks when the hammer contacts the rock, there is likely some flint or quartz inside.
Method 2
1

Notice the color of the rock. Flint will likely appear black or dark gray. This is the only physical difference between flint and chert.[8] Chert doesn’t have a particular identifying color, but it usually appears in a combination of a few different shades depending on the other minerals that are present. Shades of maroon, tan, yellow, white or occasionally a deep blue are all common among types of chert. Sometimes these colors may form bands along the surface.

Other types of quartz to learn to identify that can also be used in place of flint could be carnelian, agate, bloodstone, jade and chalcedony.[9]

Surrounding rocks can impact the appearance of flints. When flints are buried in chalk, a white patina or film can form over the flint.[10

2

Look for flint in various shapes. Flint can be found in natural occurring nodules or as a fragment that has been worked into a shape.

Flint nodules can appear in various smooth, rounded shapes embedded in chalk or limestone. When you find flint that has been embedded in a chalk bed, it is common to find an imprint of shells cast into the surface.[11]

Look for rocks that have been split like broken glass. Flint fractures differently from many crystals. When the pieces come apart the tend to look like glass shards, with curves and sharper edges.[12]

In addition to looking for natural nodules of flint, be sure to look for flint that has been worked into a shape. You can control the way flint splits easier than other rocks, which is another reason why people used to used flint to shape tools and weapons. Sometimes flint may have edges that seem to have been chipped away or have a point, indicating they have been used as a tool.
3

Look for a glossy surface on the rock. Flint often displays a natural, glassy luster. If it was just broken, the luster may seem dull and somewhat waxy to the touch. You can usually rub away or sand this cortex to reveal more of the surface luster.
4

Test the hardness of the stone. If you have a glass bottle, try to scratch it with the sharp edge of the flint. If the rock is strong enough to scratch glass, it is as hard as flint.

Be careful when striking glass with a rock. Using gloves to protect your hands is a good idea.

Image titled Identify Flint Step 8

5

Take out a striker made of carbon steel and strike it against the stone. If sparks fly after several attempts, then you might have a piece of flint.

The “sparks” produced are actually just the tiny fragments of iron breaking off the iron surface. The sudden exposure to air generates a rapid oxidization where the fragment can not dissipate the heat as fast as it generates it. The spark is only a glowing piece of freshly exposed iron.[13]

If the rock doesn’t have a very sharp edge, you will want to create one to test for sparks. To check the inside of a rock use a larger rock as a hammer to flake of pieces from the thinnest end of the rock.

When striking your flint of metal, make sure the stone is dry, as a damp stone may not produce sparks.

Other rocks, such as quartz, that have a hardness of seven on the Mohs Scale of Hardness will create sparks when struck against a carbon metal. If you are only looking for a rock which you can use to create sparks and start a fire, try learning what other rock types will also do the job.

Identify flint

November 25, 2016

How to Identify Flint
Flint, also known as chert, is a type of sedimentary rock that has many uses. It was once commonly used to form rudimentary tools like knives and spear tips. Flint is often used by outdoorsmen to create sparks for a fire when it is struck against hardened steel. Knowing how to find a piece of flint can come in handy when you’re in the wild. Whether you’re looking for artifacts or a way to start a fire, identifying flint isn’t as hard as you think. But it only occurs where there was an ocean at one time. Chalk deposits are a dead giveaway to the existence of flint. You won’t find flint in the North East U.S. But it is very common in the South East and Mid West. Quartz is a metamorphic rock and can be used like flint to start fires. Agate in the Mid West can also be used like flint.

Clean water

November 24, 2016

Steel straw

November 15, 2016

I found a really unique item a couple days ago. It’s a steel straw. I found it at Marshalls department store. How do these play into a survival situation? Let me give you a couple of ideas.
A survival straw can help you with your thirst. If you are in an area that has a limited Water Supplies but maybe has a few Springs, these straws can be carried with you and help suck the water out of a spring and placed into a container to  boil.Or , if you are adventurous I have no other choice , drink yourself. 

You’re thinking that drinking water from a non pure source may be dangerous Well chances are you could get sick. However, you could die of thirst a lot quicker. It’s an expedient measure in order to soak up water in areas that are difficult to reach. Areas such as Hollows in rocks, ledges where water seeps into from a steep cliff, Gathering water from very very shallow pools. Your uses are only limited by your imagination.
A straw can be used in fire starting. How you ask?

 Well once you’ve gathered your tender and your fluff and your rest of your fire itemd needed to make the fire, go for the rest of the night,  a straw can be used as a bellows to fan the flames of your tender bundle. The bundle can either be in your hand  or can already be in place  in your fire pit.  the steel straw can be used to supply a regulated air flow in order to get those charcoals to burst into a glorious Flame.
Another situation a straw could be used would be to splint a broken finger. It’s expedient and strong. 
This unique tool has a lot of uses if you think about it.
If anybody else has any ideas please forward them to me and I’ll post them on this post or you can add it in the comment section. 

Until next time be safe practice your rules at 3 I remember when you get in a bad situation to use stop. 

Self-sufficiency and stay healthy

November 13, 2016

Rocket stoves

November 4, 2016

A great skill to have is learning how to build a rocket stove. 

 Rockets stoves can be built out of any type of brick. From cinderblocks to red building bricks. In a time of disaster that could be scavenge from colapsed buildings old old ruins or even from old ghost towns. materials can be purchased from Home Depot or other stores that carry bricks . 

 Why would you want a rocket stove? For couple reasons. To help cook food , warmth or to purify water . 

 There are quite a few videos on YouTube showing how to build these or you can buy some premade rocket stoves off the Internet that are made of metal .

 Not very much material as needed maybe 15 bricks or six cylinder blocks in order to make an effective stove . You may need to have a grill of some type of place over the flu of the stove for your cooking.

 If needed the stones can be disassembled quickly and carried with you to another location however you are dealing with brick which does add some weight to your baggage that you may be caring .

 As with any survival situation always plan accordingly to the rules of three .