Archive for September, 2015

Bow hunter in Idaho breaks leg and crawls to self rescue.

September 29, 2015

When John Sain broke his leg in the middle of a vast and remote wilderness near McCall, Idaho, he thought it was the end. Sain had been backpacking through the Salmon-Challist National Forest in search of elk. It was supposed to be a short trip, but an incident last Wednesday stranded the hunter in the wilderness for four days—which he survived by crawling more than three miles to a nearby trail.

“I honestly didn’t think I was going to make it out,” Sain told KTVB, adding that he contemplated suicide and had written farewell letters to his family.

Sain had been tracking an elk deep into the forest when a misstep caught his foot between two fallen logs. The hunter tripped and fell forward, snapping his right leg almost in half. It was a nightmare scenario, and had Sain been any less prepared, it may have very well resulted in his death. Instead, the experienced hunter fashioned a splint out of sticks and ripped up clothing, and considered his choices. With no cell phone service, the only chance he had was reaching nearby Jackson Creek Trail and finding help. It was not an easy decision—Sain knew that he would have to crawl every inch across the wilderness if he wanted to make it.

For two and a half days, that was exactly what he did. Sain dropped everything except for a small survival kit, a water purifier, a pistol, and some food. By day, he crawled as far as he could. By night, he warmed himself by a fire and ate the food he had rationed out. Finding water was more difficult due to his lack of mobility, and Sain focused on reaching the trail as fast as possible. By the time he arrived, Sain was extremely dehydrated, exhausted, and in agonizing pain from his broken leg.

The hunter scrawled “Help” in the dirt and waited on the trail for someone to pass by. When the hours ticked away and the trail remained deserted, Sain said he was at his breaking point.

“Well, when you’re laying there and your foot is back here, you’re in the middle of nowhere, you’re not going to make it. That’s just the bottom line,” he told KABC.

Wracked by pain and thirst, the hunter said his mind drifted more and more to the gun he had kept on his hip. In the end it was someone else’s misfortune that saved Sain’s life. Two motorcyclists had gotten lost in the forest and took the trail by mistake, eventually finding Sain. Rescue workers soon arrived to stabilize the hunter and used chainsaws to clear out a patch of forest so a helicopter could airlift him to a nearby hospital.

“It was hard just knowing that he’s out in the hills just trying to stay alive,” said his wife Jennifer Sain. “It still doesn’t seem real to me.”

Sain’s family flew out from California to visit him in the hospital, where Sain is recovering from surgery. The hunter is expected to make a full recovery, and he says he will continue hunting despite this terrifying experience. Next time, Sain added that he will bring along a GPS locator—just in case.

Calming yourself in a survival situation

September 22, 2015

One of the first things a person needs to do when he’s in a unfamiliar situation is to stop. stop, thank, observe, and plan.

I have been doing a lot of research on ways to calm oneself when they are in a outdoor situation. you have 3 seconds to adjust your mental attitude from a fearful one to one of survival.

Let me start by telling you that all your survival needs are at hand. the number one is your mental ability to understand that nature, mother earth, the creator, or God is always with you. the tools to survive are all around you. One has to stop, listen and look and an answer will be provided.

The native Indians or Native Americans or masters at survival. There are masters at working with Mother Earth and understanding mother earth will supply all their needs. we’re not going into Indian meditation at this point but one of the key issues to survival is mental stability and mental strength. you need to reach back into history and understand that even in the most dire situations the native Americans were able to survive whatever mother earth threw at them. remembering this should be able to give you enough strength and calmness to observe and plan your attack against losing your life. mental attitude is 90% of survival. the other 10% is being able to observe, improvise, adapt and overcome.

Whenever I had away from home whether it’s to a store, a rifle range, a search and rescue mission or going to the back country on my own I make sure I have a few things on my person.

Proper clothing which also serves as your main shelter is a must. Prepare for what may lie ahead for the day or for 2 days. I always make sure I have at least one knife in my pocket. I check to make sure I have a fire starting equipment. Most likely two items. Flint, a bit lighter, feral rod or some type of sparking device if not a lighter. another item that I carry is cordage. Paracord is the best. I usually have it weaved around a belt, braided around my neck piece phone carrier, braided into a sling around my rifle or chain link and put into my pocket in my pants.

I always wear a watch. with my watch I can track distance and tell directions. I can plot a map in my mind or draw it on a sheet of paper that I have developed away to turn that into a small 10 page book that does not take up any room. I also carry a pencil, some flagging tape, a large garbage bag and a hat.

The second most important key to survival his observation. constantly observe your surroundings to see if there’s any items that you may need in the future to help start a fire, make a shelter or provide for a signaling device.

Planning is also an important step in moving outdoors. You think before you go out, you think when you get into a stressful situation and you start devising a plan as you continue with your outdoor adventure whether it be to the mall or to the backcountry.

Making or designing of fire Oracle is really no problem if you allow your mind to wander and observe your surroundings. the creature is around us are native to the area, look at them see what they do and if you can emulate them in a survival situation. then if you have to eat them.

As I said in the past survival is 90% mental 10% tools and provisions.

Remember food is not that important for the first couple of days. You can go three weeks without food. He’ll get hungry but you will not die due to lack of food. water you can survive up to 3 days without it depending upon your activity and your location. if you are in the desert move at night. conserve the body fluids. I wouldn’t drink urine due to the saltiness and the impurity in the liquid. however this could be saved and distilled for future use with the proper equipment.

Fire works as tool to give us heat provided for shelter, purify water, cook parasites out of our food , and provide singling opportunities.

I hope this works out for you as far as an introduction into survival.

To learn more give us a call at 775 741 0735 and arrange for a personal more in depth class and training.

Luck has nothing to do with it, intelligence, calmness and observation of your surroundings will handle everything that may be thrown at you. Stay calm and stay brave.

10 cs of survival repost

September 22, 2015


Dave Canterbury of the Pathfinder School, LLC developed the “10 C’s of Survival” as a handy list of the most essential tools for staying alive in a wilderness emergency. The 10 C’s of Survival should be taken to heart by anyone who spends any time in the backcountry—indeed, even the front-country.

After all, a day hike can quickly become a situation of perilous stakes. Weather can rapidly turn, bringing frigid rain or wet, heaping snowdrifts where ten minutes before was blazing sunshine. You may stray from the trail and become entirely disoriented, or become suddenly hobbled by a twisted ankle.

The 10 C’s of Survival are best thought of as divided into two batches: a core of five absolute must-have pieces of survival gear rounded out by an additional roster of highly useful, if not essential, tools.


Never head into the boonies without these first 5 of the 10 C’s of Survival.

(1) Cutting Tool: Ultimately, this means a sturdy, full-tang survival knife—something that should always be on your person in the backcountry. A design with a four to five-inch carbon-steel blade and a flattened back edge is typically the most dependable and versatile. Well-made survival knives allow you to do everything from clean fish to split kindling.

(2) Combustion: Being able to spark a fire is critical in a survival situation. In inclement weather, it’s the first order of business—fundamental to maintaining your core temperature. Additionally, a blaze can help you advertise your location to potential rescuers. Carry spark-catching material such as the Pathfinder Mini Inferno tinder or Gorilla Tape alongside a ferro rod and a good lighter.

(3) Cover: A common mistake committed by plenty of outdoor recreationists is neglecting to include an emergency shelter in their go-to hiking packs. Even if you’re simply setting out for an afternoon trail hike, you need the ability to quickly erect a precipitation and cold-resistant covering to keep you dry and warm in the event of an unforeseen night out in the backwoods. A poncho, wool blanket, tarp, or even a plastic garbage bag will serve you well.

(4) Container: An ideal container for wilderness use is a 32-oz. stainless-steel water bottle. Staying hydrated is fundamental in an emergency, and you want a durable vessel for storing and carrying water. The high-quality metal additionally allows you to boil water—or melt snow—to render it safe to drink: You don’t want to be dealing with a gastrointestinal malady on top of your other worries.

(5) Cordage: Sure, you can fashion rope from plant materials in the backcountry—but why expend that time and effort if you don’t need to? Carry a good 100 feet of 550 cord, which can assist in a dizzying array of tasks.


In the event of contingencies in the wilderness, the remaining five items of the 10 C’s of Survival can be immensely helpful to have on hand.

(6) Candle: It’s all too easy to forget about an illumination source when preparing for a day on the trail. If you’re stranded for whatever reason, the onset of night is a real threat: You can quickly hurt yourself fumbling around in the dark for kindling or water. Having more than one source of light is best—a headlamp is particularly convenient, but bring candles along as well.

(7) Cotton: It’s no weight or space burden to stuff a few cotton cloths or bandannas in your pack—a level of convenience that belies the versatility they display in the backwoods. From bandages to signaling flags, from fire-starters to head coverings, cotton bandannas are deceptively multi-use.

(8) Compass: There are plenty of methods for orienting yourself in the wilderness, from keying into
the wheel of constellations to tracking the sun’s shadow. But bringing along a durable compass with a sighting mirror gives you an unfailing tool for precise navigation—one that readily doubles as a signaling mirror.

(9) Cargo Tape: From injuries to pack malfunctions, a roll of duct tape serves as many functions in the backcountry as it does in the garage.

(10) Canvas Needle: Also called a sail needle, this little tool can be employed to repair clothing or shelters, act as a makeshift compass, dislodge nasty splinters, and for other delicate, high-precision operations.

Remember, the “survival weapons” of the 10 C’s of Survival only work when combined with the knowledge and presence-of-mind to put them to use. If you can stay calm and ward off panic—commonly your greatest threat in the wilds—you can use this basic equipment to keep yourself alive, healthy, even contented, until help arrives.