Archive for December, 2010

Cold Feet? Put on a Hat!

December 18, 2010

If your feet are cold, put on a hat. In fact, while sleeping, a great way to keep your feet warm is to sleep with a sherpa had or similar type of head covering. You lose a lot of your body heat through your head.

If your feet are still cold, try these tips.
1. Change your socks.
2. Take your boots off and rub your feet.
3. Put on vapor barrier socks. You can use baggies for this.
4. Wiggle your toes.
5. Get off the snow and insulate your feet from the snow. How?
Stand on a rock.
Stand on some branches or pine needles,
Stand on an insulation pad. Theses are lite and can be carried in your pack.

These can all help. But remember to carry mole skin. This will help repair and protect your feet while traveling.

Just remember to wear a hat. That is the best way to keep your feet warm.

Survival Knives and tools

December 7, 2010

Every one has their own thought on survival knives. I am not going into that discussion at this time. I am going to discuss one tool that needs to be carried with what ever knife you have.

That tool is a knife sharpener.  A good sharpener to keep it your knife working  and  cutting properly and safely. There is nothing more dangerous than a dull knife.

Every time you cut paper, rope, wood, turn a coin or pry, you dull the blade.

When a knife is sharp, it cuts better with out a lot of force. With a dull knife, you have to work harder, apply more pressure and have a greater chance of not only cutting the object you are working on, but yourself. That creates another situation. One that you do not need in a survival situation.

A knife sharpener will sharpen all your cutting utensils. It will work on a pocket knife, dinner knife, carving knife, axe or a hatchet. It is light weight and easy to carry.

Nothing cuts like a nicely sharpened knife.

In a survival situation, you can get a sense of calmness as you sharpen your knife and you thinks on what else you have to do.

So in conclusion, add a knife sharpener to you pocket or at least your survival pack. It will make your cutting chores a lot easier and safer.

Fire Starters: Part 1

December 6, 2010

Fire and fire starters

Fire can be used to signal, cook food, purify water and improve your environment. Fire also provides psychological comfort. People do not feel so lonely with a fire. It makes the night less frightening, and while there are few large animals dangerous to people in North American deserts, fire will keep them at bay. It is important to know how to start a fire under severe conditions with means other than matches.

Fire Starters Sparkers:

* Flint
* Matches
* fire piston
* Lighter
* Battery: Steel wool, car battery
* Friction

Igniting Tinder:
Learn which tinders work even when wet. Birch bark, for example, will burn when wet, and so will sap from pines and spruces. You may have only minutes before your fingers get too cold to function, so speed is of the essence. :

* Lint
o Dryer lint ignites easily with a flint and knife. It is very lite to carry.
* cotton balls
o Cotton balls covered with vasoline will ignite with a spark from a knife and a flint.
* petroleum jelly/ hand sanitizer
* pine cones
* candles
* char cloth
* emergency candles
* pine needles
* wood skewers soaked in alcohol
* pencil sharpener: wood shavings maker

Start practicing now in your yard with your desired starter and tinder. Try to start that fire with one match. Also try it the next time it’s raining. Get in the habit of collecting dry tinder before the rain comes. Learn what things burn even when wet, like birch bark and pine sap.

To learn more go to or

By Josh Ketcham
Mountain Survival Inc. / Survival Inc.